Forklift Safety

  • Overview 
  • Training and Certification Requirements
  • Driving Safety Measures 
  • Mounting & Dismounting 
  • Starting & Stopping 
  • Steering, Turning & Changing Direction 
  • Securing the Forklift 
  • Safe Travel Practices
  • Tip-Overs 
  • Forklift Safety in Warehouses
  • Forklift Safety on Public Roads
  • Additional Information 


Powered industrial trucks, commonly called forklifts or lift trucks, are used in many activities, primarily to move materials. Forklifts can also be used to raise, lower, or remove large objects or a number of smaller objects on pallets or in boxes, crates, or other containers. Forklifts can either be ridden by the operator or controlled by a walking operator.

Forklift use presents a number of different operating hazards. Workers can be injured when lifts fall between docks and an unsecured trailer; when a forklift driver does not observe proper driving safety precautions; when struck by a lift truck, or falling while on elevated pallets and tines.

To minimize the risk of injuries, observe the following general safety precautions:

  • Train and certify all operators to ensure that they operate forklifts safely.
  • Do not allow any employee under 18 years old to operate a forklift.

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