Accident Reporting & Recordkeeping

Accident Reporting and Recordkeeping

DOT regulations require motor carriers to report and record information pertaining to accidents. Specifically, motor carriers must:

  • Properly maintain accident information.
  • Keep proper records of accident information.
  • Provide assistance in the event of an accident investigation.
  • Keep records and copies of records available for inspection.
  • Follow record preservation requirements.

Definition of "Accident"

The regulations define an "accident" as an occurrence involving a commercial motor vehicle operating on a highway in interstate or intrastate commerce which results in:

  • A fatality; or
  • Bodily injury to a person who, as a result of the injury, immediately receives medical treatment away from the scene of the accident; or
  • One or more motor vehicles incurring disabling damage as a result of the accident, requiring the motor vehicle(s) to be transported away from the scene by a tow truck or other motor vehicle.

The term accident does not include the following:

  • An occurrence involving only boarding and alighting from a stationary motor vehicle; or
  • An occurrence involving only the loading or unloading of cargo.

Accident Information, Recordkeeping & Investigation Requirements

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