Introduction to Hazardous Substances

 

According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), workplace chemical hazards and toxic substances pose a wide range of health hazards (such as irritation, sensitization, and carcinogenicity) and physical hazards (such as flammability and corrosion). To protect worker health and safety, OSHA regulates worker exposure to hazardous substances through the following measures:

  • Providing worker education and training about hazardous chemicals through the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard.
  • Setting Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs) to protect workers against negative health effects of exposure to hazardous substances.
  • Requiring that employers provide personal protective equipment (PPE) to workers, when appropriate.

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