EAP Minimum Requirements

At a minimum, your EAP must include (but is not limited to) the following elements:

  • Means of reporting fires and other emergencies. There are preferred procedures for reporting emergencies such as dialing 911, or an internal emergency number, or pulling a manual fire alarm, but there are also other possibilities. Click here for more.
  • Evacuation procedures and emergency escape route assignments. These are put into place so that employees understand who is authorized to order an evacuation, under what conditions an evacuation would be necessary, how to evacuate, and what routes to take. Exit diagrams are typically used to identify the escape routes to be followed by employees from each specific facility location. Click here for more.
  • Procedures for employees who remain to operate critical plant operations before they evacuate. Employees may be required to operate fire extinguishers or shut down gas and/or electrical systems and other special equipment that could be damaged if left operating or create additional hazards to emergency responders (such as releasing hazardous materials). Click here for more.
  • Procedures to account for all employees after an emergency evacuation has been completed. This may include designating employees to sweep areas, checking offices and restrooms before being the last to leave a workplace, or conducting a roll call in the assembly area. Many employers have an "evacuation warden" to assist others in an evacuation and to account for personnel. Click here for more.
  • Rescue and medical duties for those employees who are to perform them. Most small organizations rely on local public resources such as the local fire department or hospital to provide these services. Click here for more.
  • Names or job titles of persons who can be contacted for further information or an explanation of their duties under the plan. It is a good idea to include names, titles, departments, and telephone numbers of employees who can be contacted for additional information.

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